This course provides the foundation in the principles of vascular sonography and gray scale duplex imaging of arterial and venous sonography. This course involves understanding of normal extracranial vascular anatomy, peripheral vascular anatomy, abdominal vascular anatomy, and the relationship of abdominal, cerebral, and thoracic organs with great vessels. This course discusses vascular techniques utilizing 2D vascular imaging, the use of Doppler techniques, spectral display analysis and alternative vascular testing methods. Students will be able to recognize normal and abnormal anatomy along with normal and abnormal ultrasonic findings